Host: Chongqing Foreign Trade and Economic Relations CommerceUndertaker: Chongqing Investment Promotion Association
Jiulongpo District
Time:2019-11-25pageviews:

Jiulongpo District, located in the southwest of Chongqing's main city area, covers an area of 432 square kilometers and covers 8 streets and 11 towns, with a permanent population of more than 1.2 million. In 2018, the GDP of the whole year reached 121.125 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6% over the previous year in terms of the fixed price. According to the resident population, the annual per capita GDP was 99,279 yuan, an increase of 2.6% over the previous year. The added value of the primary industry was 630 million yuan, down by 0.2% from the previous year; the added value of the secondary industry was 45.982 billion yuan, up by 1.4%; and the added value of the tertiary industry was 74.513 billion yuan, up by 5.0%. The proportion of primary industry added value to GDP is 0.5%, that of secondary industry added value is 38.0%, and that of tertiary industry added value is 61.5%. From the contribution of the three industries to economic growth, the contribution rates of the second and third industries to the regional economy are 14.4% and 85.6% respectively. From the perspective of economic growth, secondary and tertiary industries respectively promote economic growth by 0.5% and 3.1% respectively. The per capita disposable income of residents in our District reached 38,035 yuan, an increase of 8.9% over the same period of last year. Among them, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 39,391 yuan, increased by 8.4%, and that of rural residents was 2,028 yuan, increased by 8.8%. The growth rate of the per capita disposable income of residents in the whole district was 5.3 % higher than that of GDP, and that of rural residents was 0.4 % higher than that of urban residents. In 2018, the industry structure of service industry above the scale of the whole region changed greatly. The proportion of information transmission, software and information technology services increased by 4.1 %, the proportion of scientific research and technology services increased by 3.9 %, the proportion of high-tech services increased considerably. The proportion of transportation, warehousing and postal industries, as well as traditional industries such as residential services, repair and other services, decreased by 6.5 % and 5.2 % respectively. The proportion of the business income of the modern service industry in service enterprises above the scale increased from 91.2% in 2017 to 96.3% in 2018.

Geographical features - mountains and rivers crisscrossed, connecting East and West. The lofty Zhongliang Mountain runs more than 20 kilometers from north to south, dividing Jiulongpo into two regions: East and West. The eastern region is close to the Yuzhong Peninsula, covering an area of 88 square kilometers, and has basically realized urbanization. The western region, 344 square kilometers, is located in the urban-rural junction, with a prominent mixture of urban and rural characteristics, is the main field for future urban development and construction. Four tunnels, such as Zhongliangshan Tunnel and Huayan Tunnel, run through Zhongliang Mountain with 18 lanes in both directions. Traffic constraints in the East and West are gradually resolved, and the flow of people and traffic are becoming more and more smooth. The Yangtze River enters and exits from the west to the East with a coastline of more than 30 kilometers. Four secondary rivers, Daxi River, Liangtan River, Tiaodeng River and Taohua River, are winding and flowing through the area. They are crisscrossed by rivers and lakes, and abundant hot springs. Nearly 100 square kilometers of hills and waters constitute the basic natural ecological pattern of Jiulongpo. A green corridor and ecological isolation zone along rivers, roads and creeks are built. The forest area exceeds 140 square kilometers, with per capita green space 15.36 square meters.

Humane history - long-standing history breeding numerous outstanding excellence and fine art. Jiulongpo District has a long history. During the Pre-Qin Dynasty,it belongs to Jiangzhou of Baguo, while during the Qin and Han Dynasties, it belongs to Bajun(Ba county), and proceed to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, it belongs to Baxian(Ba county). During the Ming Dynasty, JiulongTan was named after as a saying goes "There are shoals in the rivers and nine rocks that are resembling dragon", and then the Jiulongpu wharf was built. In August 1945, Mao Zedong went to Chongqing to participate in the Kuomintang-Communist peace talks. His plane landed at Jiulongpu Airport. When Xinhua Daily reporters mistakenly wrote "Jiulongpu" as "Jiulongpo", that’s where the name "Jiulongpo" became famous all over the world. In October 1955, it was formally named "Jiulongpo District".

Jiulongpo District has a profound cultural background, and the Ba people's boat coffins and Han pottery brick paintings of the Warring States Period have been inherited for thousands of years; the famous Hua Yan Temple in the southwest part was passed down from the Ming Dynasty, and  has lasted for more than 400 years, with its influence throughout the southwest region; more than 10 national and municipal intangible cultural heritages, such as horse-riding folktales, Baishi Yi chuan Sichuan-Opera and Jiulongyinglian folk art, are deeply loved by the people; Those featured museums, such as the Ba-people Museum, Piano Museum and Jianchuan anti-war museums, inherited and spread culture and those memories. Jiulongpo District has a strong artistic atmosphere. Sichuan Fine Arts Institute has been established in Huangjueping for more than 60 years. Thousands of people from different places came to study, work or live here, indulging in artistic creation. The whole district has built a national and 15 municipal cultural and creation bases. Jiulongpo District has a large number of talented people, including Liu Chun, a scholar of Wenyuange  in Zhengde period of Ming Dynasty, Longweilin,Gongyourong, two famous scholars of calligraphy and painting in Qianlong and Jiaqing Dynasties,Zhougongzhi, an early revolutionary of the Communist Party of China and Luo Zhongli, a master of Modern art, all of them are very influential cultural and historic celebrities breeding from this area. 



Overview of development - leading industrial areas, outstanding innovative areas. In the 1930s, Hanyang Armaments Factory moved westward to Chongqing, laying the first cornerstone of modern industry in Jiulongpo District. After the historical stages of "three-line construction”-which refers to a time during 1964 to 1978, 13 provinces and autonomous regions in central and Western China carried out a large-scale national defense, science and technology, industry and transportation infrastructure construction guided by war readiness, which is called "three-line construction",and the rise of township enterprises and the economic development of the park, Jiulongpo District has grown into a major military and industrial town in Chongqing and even western China. There are now one national high-tech zone and two municipal characteristic industrial parks, which have built up automobile and motorcycle manufacturing, non-ferrous metal smelting and processing, electrical machinery and other industrial parks. Leading industrial clusters, such as equipment manufacturing and electronic information, have more than 160,000 market participants and rank first in Chongqing. Industry is getting stronger because of innovation, and innovation is thriving because of industry. In March 1991, the State Council approved the establishment of Chongqing High-tech Zone, and in July 2016 approved the construction of national Self-dependent Innovation Demonstration Area. At present, the Municipal Committee and the Municipal Government are elaborately building an "upgraded version" of Chongqing High-tech Zone and are committed to building an influential innovation center in the west. At the same time, Jiulongpo District has successfully established a national innovative&entrepreneurship demonstration area of micro enterprises base in cities, with 4.75 square kilometers of the area included in the scope of Chongqing Free Trade Pilot Zone. By the end of 2017, the whole region has 315 high-tech enterprises, ranking first in Chongqing, and has established a national quality inspection base, a major market for scientific and technological services in Chongqing and a trading center for scientific and technological factors in Chongqing, attracting universities and research institutes such as Tsinghua University, Peking University, Chongqing University, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, and establishing 82 scientific and technological innovation platforms at or above the municipal level. New elements are enriched and the innovative atmosphere is strong.

Strategic Vision: Focusing on "Three High" and Creating "Three Suitable". "Three High" means vigorously developing high-tech industries, promoting high-quality urban management, and creating high-quality people's lives. The "Three Suitable" means livability, industry and tourism. In accordance with the important instructions of Secretary Chen Miner of the Municipal Party Committee on "vigorously developing high-tech industries, promoting high-quality urban management, creating high-quality people's lives, speeding up the construction of livable, livable and tourist cities, and bravely shouldering heavy burdens and making more contributions in the reform and development of the whole city", Jiulongpo District will firmly implement the new development concept, focusing on the goal of construction "three-high Jiulongpo and three-suitable mountainous cities". (please refer to the definition of"three-high and three-suitable back in the beginning). To achieve the "five significant improvements" of high-quality development by 2020 on the basis of maintaining medium and high-speed growth and expanding the total economic volume. That is to say, the proportion of the added value of high-tech enterprises in industries above scale has increased from 44% in 2017 to 55%, and the proportion of the added value of modern service industry has increased from 60% to 65% in the service industry. The proportion of R&D expenditure increased from 2.7% to 3.5%, and the labor productivity of Industrial Enterprises above scale increased from 330,000 yuan per person per year to 400,000 yuan. The annual actual utilization of foreign capital has increased from 340 million US dollars to 1 billion US dollars, the total annual import and export has increased from 1.5 billion US dollars to 3 billion US dollars, the forest coverage has increased from 34% to 40%, the greening rate of urban built-up areas has increased from 43% to 46%, the general public budget income has increased from 6 billion US dollars to 7 billion US dollars, and the per capita income of urban and rural residents has increased from 35,000 yuan to 50,000 yuan.

Embrace the new era and revitalize Jiulongpo . Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, Jiulongpo District will put the guiding principles of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China fully into effect and will take solid action in the “three critical battles” and made good progress in carrying out "eight action plans". Jiulongpo District will united as one and create new progress, overcome difficulties and vault over hurdles, and strive to make remarkable new accomplishments and achieve good prospect.



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