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Pengshui County

Pengshui Miao Tujia Autonomous County is located in the southeast of Chongqing City, covering an area of 3903 square kilometers. It covers 3 streets, 18 towns and 18 townships, and has a registered population of 700,000. It has three characteristics of "nationality, ecology and culture".

Pengshui has a strong national flavor. Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County is the only Miao-dominated County in Chongqing with the largest Miao population in the country. It is Miao-township in Chongqing, Miao-township in China and Miao-township in the world. The industrious and wise people of all nationalities have created a rich and splendid national folk culture in the long historical evolution. The Miao folk song Jiao'ayi, the drama Mula zhuang tanxi and the acrobatics Gaotai Lion Dance are the representatives of Pengshui's excellent national culture.Chiyou Jiulicheng, a Miao style building complex, which has been planed  for area of 10 square kilometers and three phases to build  , concentrated on the display and inheritance of the Miao culture; the annual " Cai hua shan Festival of Miao in Wujiang,China · Pengshui Water Sports Competition" and the Southeast Chongqing Eco-tourism Cultural Festival has become the heritage and promotion of the Miao nationality. National resources with distinct characteristics like embroidery, knitting, Wujiang stone, rolling crisp cake, crystal silk yam powder have great potential for development.

Pengshui has a beautiful natural ecology. With precipitous and adventurous Pengshui Gorge , Karst caves in various forms,Beautiful mountains and rivers ,and ecological barriers such as Mowei Mountain and Qiyao Mountain ,it is a huge forest resource county in the city with forest coverage rate is 54.2%. With Wujiang, Yujiang and other ecological water systems, the water quality has reached the national surface water environmental quality standards, and is the only "water and energy base county" in Chongqing.It has the eco-tourism resources of Ai Yi He , Mowei Mountain and Wujiang Gallery, which integrates mountains, waters, peaks and caves. It is a magnificent, precipitous, dangerous and beautiful eco-tourism resource. It has been awarded "Green China, Outstanding Green Eco-city" by the United Nations Environment Foundation.

Pengshui culture has a long history. Pengshui County has been established since the beginning of Han Dynasty for more than 2000 years, and has been a administrative base of Dao, Zhou and Xian. In ancient times, Chiyou Jiuli tribe, the ancestor of Miao nationality, entered Pengshui and created the Chiyou culture with a long history. In the Pre-Qin period, Pengshui was the mother culture of the middle and upper reaches of Wujiang River because of its salt and dansha , and the Wujiang and Yujiang waterways which could intersect through  the boat.During the Tang and Song Dynasties, Pengshui was the political, military, economic and cultural center of the junction of Chongqing, Guizhou, Hunan, Hubei and Guangxi. It was the ruling place of the central government over the border areas of Southwest China. It developed into a rich culture of Qianzhong. Men of Literature like Li Bai, Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Mengjiao, Liu Zongyuan and Huang Tingjian had left thousands of masterpieces here. In the modern revolutionary period, Liu Bocheng, Deng Xiaoping, He Long and other older generations of revolutionaries spent their revolutionary life in Pengshui, lefting behind a moving "red culture". At the same time, Pengshui is also the home of Chinese folk culture and art and also Chinese poetry.

In 2018, the county's GDP exceeded 17 billion yuan, reaching 17.011 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5% over the same period last year. Compared with the same period last year, the growth rate increased by 1.5 %, 0.9 % points higher than that of the whole country and 1.5 % higher than that of the whole city. In terms of sub-industries, the added value of primary industry was 2.710 billion yuan, an increase of 5.2%, while that of secondary industry was 6.691 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8%.The added value of the tertiary industry was 7.610 billion yuan, an increase of 6.4%. From the perspective of industrial structure, the first production decreased by 3.0 %, the second production decreased by 2.3 %, the third production increased by 5.3%, and the three industrial structure was adjusted to 15.9:39.3:44.8. The total agricultural output value reached 4.398 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2% over the same period last year.Grain production remained at 314,800 tons. Livestock husbandry has developed steadily, with a total quantity of 528,800 live pigs that has been sold , down by 1.7% from the same period last year, 354,100 live pigs that has been raised, up by  1.6% from the same period last year, and 2.5672 million poultry that has been sold, up by 1.0%. Characteristic industries have developed rapidly. The output of vegetables and edible fungi was 396,400 tons, an increase of 8.6%, and that of traditional Chinese medicines was 16,100 tons, an increase of 155.3%. The total output value of Industrial Enterprises above the county scale reached 5.031 billion yuan, an increase of 15.9%, an increase of 3.7 % over the previous three quarters. The added value above the scale reached 2.164 billion yuan, an increase of 4.2%, an increase of 4.1 % over the previous three quarters.


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