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Youyang County

Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County is located in the junction of four provinces and cities of Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan and Guizhou. It is adjacent to Longshan County in Hunan Province in the east, Xiushan County, Songtao and Yinjiang County of Guizhou Province in the south,  Separated by Wujiang, Yanhe County of Guizhou Province in the west, Pengshui County in the northwest, Qianjiang District ,Xianfeng and Laifeng County in Hubei Province in the north .The geographic coordinate is East Longitude 108°18′25″—109°19′18″. It is 98.3 kilometers wide in East and West and 119.7 kilometers long in North and south. Youyang covers an area of 5173 square kilometers. It is the largest district and county in Chongqing and has a vast development space.It has jurisdiction over 2 streets : Taohuayuan, Zhongduo , 19 built towns : Longtan, Mawang, Youchou, Daxi, Xinglong, Heishui, Dingshi, Gongtan, Lixi, Ganxi, Youshui River, Cangling, Xiaohe, Banxi, Wanmu, Tonggu, Nanyaojie, Tushi, Wufu and 18 townships: and Keda, Pianbai, Muye,Maoba, Huatian, Houping, Tianguan, Yiju, Liangzeng,Banqiao, Guanqing,Chetian.Yudi,Qingquan, Miaoxi, Langping, Shuangquan, Nanmu, 278 administrative villages (including 8 communities).The county is situated between the two mountains. The Youcheng River crosses the city like a bright pearl inlaid in the Wuling Mountains,like a giant dragon wandering between the mysterious AAAAA scenic spot of Peach Blossom Source and the lush National Forest Park of Peach Blossom Source.

Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County has a total population of 853,500 people, including 17 ethnic minorities of 790,400 people, accounting for 92.6% of the total population. Among them, 693,000 of Tujia people, accounting for 81.2% of the total population, and 97,400 Miao people, accounting for 11.4% of the total population. In addition, there are 24 of Hui people, 171 of Zhuang people , 84 of Buyi people, 30 of Manchu people, 138 of  Dong people, 24 of Bai people and 53 of Li people.

Youyang Autonomous County belongs to Wuling Mountainous Area, with a high middle terrain and low East and West sides. The County divides by the Maobagai Mountains into two major river systems; the Youshui River and Longtan River in the East is the Ruanjiang River system; the Xiaohe River and Apeng River in the West is the Wujiang River system. In the north,Huiqian Liangzi is the highest point in the county, with an elevation of 1895 meters; in the west, Dongjiazhai is the lowest, with an elevation of 263 meters. The terrain of the county is quite undulating, and it can be divided into Zhongshan District with an elevation of 800-1895 meters, low mountain area with an elevation of 600-800 meters, trough valley and flat dam District with an elevation of 263-600 meters.

Youyang Autonomous County has abundant forest resources and a wide area suitable for forestry. It has 5,297,000 mu of forestry land, which is the largest area of forestry land in Chongqing. There are 3.467 million mu of forest land, 57.71% of forest coverage, and 16.06 million cubic meters of standing trees, which is a large county of forest resources in the city. Other land types are: 1.675 million mu of shrubbery land, 93.500 mu of sparse forest land, 502,400 mu of non-standing forest land, 45,000 mu of unforested land and 14,100 mu of barren hills and wastelands. The main woody plants are 8 families, 17 genera and 19 species of gymnosperms, 63 families, 132 genera and 194 species of angiosperms and 12 species of bamboo subfamilies.

Youyang has abundant resources of traditional Chinese medicine. There are more than 1200 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine resources and 18 kinds of precious traditional Chinese medicine. Among them, Artemisia annua is the first in the world, Radix Scrophulariae is the first in the country, and Atractylodes macrocephala is the second in the country. It is the famous production base of Eucommia ulmoides, Magnolia officinalis and Cortex Phellodendri.

Youyang Autonomous County is rich in water resources ,ranking one of the top 100 counties of water resources in China. The average annual precipitation is 6.706 billion cubic meters, and the average annual runoff is 4.484 billion cubic meters. The theoretical reserves of hydropower resources are 435,000 kilowatts and the economic exploitable capacity is 344,800 kilowatts.

Youyang Autonomous County has abundant tourism resources, There are magnificent and beautiful natural scenery and scenic spots,such as City-level Scenic Spot Baili Gallery of Wujiang , AAAAA-level Tourist Spot Peach Blossom Source National , Balgay National Forest Park, Youshui River , Apeng River , Hewan Ecological Ancient Village, Dabanying Primitive Forest with the best preservation in the same latitude area in the world, Longtou Mountain with rich Buddhist culture, and the original bamboo shoot rock .There are also national historical and cultural towns Longtan ancient town, the first historical and cultural town of Chongqing - Gongtan ancient town, colorful Tujia and Miao customs, unique national festival customs,it is "Chinese famous town of Tujia Waving Dance ", "Chinese famous  town of folk song", "The  birthplace of Chinese Tujia culture" and "Chinese famous original eco-tourism resort".

Youyang Autonomous County is a land transportation fortress connecting the eastern coastal areas because of its superior location. The Chongqing-Huaihua Railway runs through Youyang to the southeast coast and becomes the main passageway for the southwest to go to sea. The construction of the second Chongqing-Huaihua Railway Line is speeding up. The Chongqing-Hunan Expressway was opened to traffic in September 2010, makeing it possible to reach Chongqing in 3 hours and Changsha in 4 hours, greatly shortening the distance between Youyang and the main city and also other places.Youyan Expressway is an important link between Chongqing and Guizhou. It was opened to traffic in June 2016. It has become an important transit channel between northeastern Guizhou and Hubei, Henan and other areas along the Yangtze River. It can reach Qianjiang Wulingshan Airport in 40 minutes, Tongren Daxing Airport of Guizhou in 2 hours, with dense road network and 621.083 km of national provincial trunk highway, which is connected with Longshan in Hunan, Laifeng in Hubei, Riverside of Guizhou  and Pengshui,Qianjiang and Xiushan of  Chongqing; 3351.1 km of rural highway covers 278 administrative villages in 39 townships (streets) of the county. Community and mass travel are effectively guaranteed.

Youyang Autonomous County has a long history, where breeds numerous outstanding talented people over these years. The county  has been established for more than 2200 years and was the seat of the state capital for more than 800 years. Youyang people are known for their national character and patriotic spirit of "whenever there is war requiring soldiers.Youyang people will always willing to fight". In the third year of Jianyan in the Southern Song Dynasty in 1129, the Miao people's uprising led by "Golden Head Monk" took place. In order to oppose imperialist aggression, there happened two Youyang religious fights which shocked China and foreign countries during Tongzhi reign in the Qing Dynasty.Before the May fourth Movement, Zhao Shiyan went out to study, searched for revolutionary truth and devoted himself to the cause of liberation of the Chinese people. He became an early proletarian revolutionist, one of the founders of the Communist Party of China, and an outstanding leader of the Chinese workers'movement. A large number of people with lofty ideals, such as Zhao Juntao, Liu Ren and Wang Jianhong, were the revolutionary builders of the Party and the people. Setting up a cause has contributed all one's life energy and become an admirable revolutionary predecessor. In 1934, the Second and Sixth Legions of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army, led by He Long, Ren Bishi, Guan Xiangying and Xiao Ke, successfully joined forces in the Southern Waist Region and established the Red Revolutionary Base. At the same time, they formed independent divisions along the Sichuan-Guizhou border, which made great contributions to the planning to the 25,000-mile Long March of the Central Red Army.

In 2017, the GDP of the region reached 14.21 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5%. Fixed assets investment completed 13.9 billion yuan, an increase of 13%. The total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 5.93 billion yuan, an increase of 13.3%. Consumer prices rose by 1.3%.  consumption of 10,000 yuan level GDP fell by 7%. The proportion of added value of service industry in GDP has risen to 37%, and the driving force of consumption to economic growth has been rising.Tourism has accelerated its pace and realized a total tourism income of 5.5 billion yuan, an increase of 19.6%. Industry has achieved growth in the process of industrial restructuring, with an added value of 3.88 billion yuan and a tax revenue of 300 million yuan. The pace of agricultural marketization has been accelerated, and the commercialization rate of agricultural products has increased to 62.3%. Holding the red line of ecological protection of 1684.67 square kilometers and permanent basic farmland 79,387 hectares. The system of “river leaders”,That is to say, the principal leaders of the Party and government at all levels in China act as "river leaders" and are responsible for organizing and leading the management and protection of the corresponding rivers and lakes, has been fully launched. The number of days with good air quality in County town is 344. The forest coverage of the county is 57.5%. The urban shanty towns were rebuilt with 26,000 square meters and 1233 endangered houses in rural areas. The urbanization rate increased to 34%. The national health county is officially licensed. In 2018, Youyang County's GDP reached 15.8 billion yuan, an increase of 5.3% over the previous year.

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